Fracture, and particularly brittle fracture, is a good example of an instability. For a homogeneous solid, subjected to a uniform stress field, a crack may appear anywhere in the structure once the threshold stress is reached. However, once a crack has been nucleated in some place, further damage in the solid will in most cases propagate from the initial crack, and not somewhere else in the solid. In this sense fracture is an unstable process. This property makes the process extremely sensitive to any heterogeneity present ...

Disorder and Fracture 1991, Springer, New York, NY

ISBN-13: 9780306435768

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Disorder and Fracture 1991, Springer, New York, NY

ISBN-13: 9780306436888

1990 edition

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