432 pages. Hardcover with dustjacket. Brand new book. ASIAN STUDIES. Discusses the conditions of possibility for intercultural and comparative philosophy, and for crosscultural communication at large. This innovative book explores the preconditions necessary for intercultural and comparative philosophy. Philosophical practices that involve at least two different traditions with no common heritage and whose languages have very different grammatical structure, such as Indo-Germanic languages and classical Chinese, are a particular focus. Lin Ma and Jaap van Brakel look at the necessary and not-so-necessary conditions of possibility of interpretation, comparison, and other forms of interaction and how we can speak of similarities and differences in this context. The authors posit that it is necessary to dissolve the question of universalism versus relativism by replacing the ideal language paradigm with a paradigm of family resemblances and that it is not necessary to share a common language to engage in comparison. Numerous case studies are presented, including many comparisons of Western and Chinese concepts. Lin Ma is Associate Professor of the School of Philosophy at the Renmin University of China and the author of Heidegger on East-West Dialogue: Anticipating the Event. Jaap van Brakel is Professor Emeritus in the Higher Institute of Philosophy at the University of Leuven and the author of Philosophy of Chemistry: Between the Manifest and the Scientific Image. Table of Contents: 1. Preliminaries&emdash; Philosophy and Language Do We Need a Universal Notion of Philosophy? Language (Preliminaries) Linguistic Relativism 2. The Troubled Water of the Ideal Language Paradigm Specters of the Ideal Language Paradigm Are There Universals? 3. Universalism and Relativism Similarities of Universalism and Relativism Case Study of Color in View of Relativism versus Universalism The Preconditions of Scientific Knowledge 4. Family Resemblance and De-essentialization (De-)essentialization of Language and Meaning Family Resemblance Family Resemblance across Traditions 5. No Need to Speak the Same Language The NNSSL-Principle First Contacts The Treaty of Waitangi "A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs" NNSSL and No Need for a Shared World Either? 6. Conceptual Schemes and Forms of Life Conceptual Schemes Form(s) of Life Similarities and Differences 7. Varieties of Intercultural Philosophy Terminology Heidegger's Asian Connection Interkulturelle Philosophie Ethnophilosophy Comparative Philosophy: Science, Pragmatism, or Anti-philosophy? Variations of World Philosophy The Geyi Method 8. Constraints in the Era of Globalization Center-Periphery Forces Standardization and Regimentation of Languages "Cattle Colors" Transcendental Pretence Qing versus Emotion(s) Globalization Makes the Past Inaccessible Be(ing) 9. Interpretation Models Theories of Interpretation XYZ-Model of Interpretation and Comparison Underdetermination of Interpretation 10. Necessary Preconditions for Interpretation Principles of Interpretation Quasi-Universals FR-Extension Final Necessary Preconditions of Interpretation Truth and Rightness (Key Words: Lin Ma, Jaap van Brakel, Asian Studies, Chinese Philosophy, Comparative Religion, Cultural Anthropology, Translation, Martin Heidegger).
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