This defining work on Jews, Jewish ethnicity, behavior, impact, and the causes of anti-Semitism, remains one of the most ground-breaking and incisive ... + Show synopsis This defining work on Jews, Jewish ethnicity, behavior, impact, and the causes of anti-Semitism, remains one of the most ground-breaking and incisive such studies ever produced in the English language. The book-dedicated to Hilaire Belloc's Jewish friends-laid the blame for anti-Semitism squarely on Jewish behavior, that is, Gentile reaction to what he called the "inevitability of friction" caused by the presence of Jews in non-Jewish society. Belloc believed that if friction between Jews and Gentiles was not resolved, it would lead to a catastrophe. Starting with the thesis that "Jews are an alien body within the society they inhabit-hence irritation and friction," and are a clearly identifiable and definable race, Belloc argued that the only solution was a "recognition on both sides of a separate Jewish nationality." He said that "denial of the problem" was a "fiction" which had broken down because of the obviousness of the "great increase of [Jewish] power" in Western nations. He explains his thesis through a historical survey of Jewish behavior, including a review of what he called "the Jewish revolution in Russia" (the 1917 Bolshevist uprising which created the Soviet Union), and Jewish activities in Central Europe and the United States-where he highlights the work of Henry Ford as having "great effect." He also provides a detailed description of Jewish influence in England. Belloc's conclusion is that Zionism, or the creation of a Jewish homeland, offered the only hope for a realistic solution to the problem of the "endless tragic cycle of anti-Semitism"-but not in Palestine, where he predicted it would cause conflict with the Arab world. "Now these causes of friction permanently present tend to produce what I have called the tragic cycle: welcome of a Jewish colony, then ill-ease, followed by acute ill-ease, followed by persecution, exile and even massacre. This followed, naturally, by a reaction and the taking up of the process all over again." Contents Chapter I: The Thesis of This Book Chapter II: The Denial of the Problem Chapter III: The Present Phase of the Problem Chapter IV: The General Causes of Friction Chapter V: The Special Causes of Friction Chapter VI: The Cause of Friction upon Our Side Chapter VII: The Anti-Semite Chapter VIII: Bolshevism Chapter IX: The Position in the World as a Whole Chapter X: The Present Relation Between the English State and the Jews Chapter XI: Zionism Chapter XII: Our Duty Chapter XIII: Their Duty Chapter XIV: Various Theories Chapter XV: Habit or Law?