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Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, editor, and literary critic who is generally considered the detective fiction genre and a major influence in the emerging world of science fiction. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a key figure in the development of Romanticism in the United States and American literature as a whole and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story