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Karl Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a Jewish revolutionary socialist whose writings created modern Communism through his interpretation of society as a class conflict between a rich ruling capitalist elite and an exploited working class. His most important works were The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867-1894). Born in Trier, he moved to Paris in 1843. Expelled from that city in 1849, he fled to London, where he was active in the Internationale and other socialist ventures until his death.