Jean Giono

Jean Giono was born in Manosque, in southeastern France, in 1895. He was largely self-taught. His experiences serving as an infantryman in World War I set the stage for his pacifism in World War II. In 1939, Giono spent two months in jail for pacifist activities. He was blacklisted by French Liberationist writers, although Andre Gide came to his defense, and in 1954, he was elected to the Academie Goncourt.