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Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche

German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900) ranks among the most influential of modern thinkers. His explorations of the motives underlying Western philosophy, religion, and morality have exercised a profound effect on generations of writers, theologians, philosophers, and psychologists. Although Nietzsche was strongly opposed to nationalism and anti-Semitism, his works were appropriated by Fascists to support the very concepts he deplored.