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Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was the Charles H. Swift Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Chicago and winner of the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on artificial radioactivity produced by neutron bombardment. Fermi was one of the lead physicists on the Manhattan Project and played an important role in the first controlled nuclear chain reaction and the development of the atomic bomb.