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Chris Hakala is an associate professor of psychology at Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts. He earned a Master's degree and Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the University of New Hampshire. Chris has been an Advanced Placement reader for over 9 years, and has extensive knowledge of test and rubric development. Content reviewers: Ruth Ault has taught psychology for the past 25 years at Davidson College in Davidson, North Carolina. She was a reader for the AP Psychology...See more