WHAT IS AMERICA TO MY FRIEND THOMAS NIXON CARVER CHAMPION AND SAMPLE OF VIRILE, STURDY AMERICANISM THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED FOEEWOBD Our society is developing as the Fathers neither foresaw nor intended. Its path is de termined chiefly by the instincts of multitudes as in the westward movement and European immigration by our inherited institutions, and by the remoter effects of mechanical inventions. In the course of this development strain is pro duced on a large scale. Accordingly, the collec tive will comes into action ...
WHAT IS AMERICA TO MY FRIEND THOMAS NIXON CARVER CHAMPION AND SAMPLE OF VIRILE, STURDY AMERICANISM THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED FOEEWOBD Our society is developing as the Fathers neither foresaw nor intended. Its path is de termined chiefly by the instincts of multitudes as in the westward movement and European immigration by our inherited institutions, and by the remoter effects of mechanical inventions. In the course of this development strain is pro duced on a large scale. Accordingly, the collec tive will comes into action with means of relief, but it trails along well in the rear of social evolu tion. Always there are strains not yet relieved, and, the more rapidly society evolves, the more of these strains there are. Since we are apt to blame some one for these strains communi cated to us through others, it ought to help us keep our tempers if we recognize that for much suffering no one is to blame. You cannot lay it to persons, it is simply a by-product of social evolution. Of course we should seek out a remedy, but, in the meantime, we need not begin vii FOEEWOED to qnarrel among ourselves and hate one an other. The bulk of Americans well understand this. There are some who will do nothing about the suffering in the wake of social evolution, lest their profits be disturbed There are others who hold certain individuals responsible for this suffering and would wreck society in order to get at them. Between these are the steady-go ing millions who, without losing their tempers, seek patiently for remedies. They have con tended with a long series of grave problems, yet have not turned bitter. They exhibit that quot firm adherence to justice, moderation, tejn perance, frugality, and virtuequot without which, according to the Virginia Bill of Eights of 1776, quot no free government, or the blessings of lib erty, can be preserved to any people. quot It is to vindicate and commend this quot virtuous democracy quot that I offer this little book. EDWAED ALSWOBTH Eoss. Madison, Wisconsin May, 1919. CONTENTS iHAPTEB PAGE I THE MAKE-UP OF THE PEOPLE .... 3 II MAKING A HAVING 25 IH MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY 35 TV VERNMENT 44 V EDUCATION . 58 VI BuBALr AMEBICA 72 VII UBBAST AMERICA ........ 86 HOI BUSCNESS 98 IX LABOR ....-.-106 X DEMOCRACY -. . .- - 116 APPENDIX A . . . . w . . . 129 APPENDIX B 135 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS PAG2 Proportion of total population formed by eachi na tionality 1790 . 5 Distribution of native white stock in the United States 1910 . 8 Distribution of Irish and natives of Irish Parent age 1910 . ., . 11 Distribution of Germans and natives of German Parentage 1910 14 Distribution of Scandinavians and natives of Scandinavian Parentage 1910 .... 17 Distribution of Italians and natives of Italian Parentage 1910 18 The Distribution of Foreign Stock in the United States 1910 21 Distribution of Foreign-Born Whites in the United States 1910 22 Agricultural Provinces ........ 31 Change in average size of families 1790 to 1900 40 The United States 1790 46 The original thirteen states and acquisitions . - 49 National forests 51 Lynchings in the United States, 1885-1915 . . 54 Percentage of children of school age enrolled in school . . 59 ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE Progress of elementary grade enrollment for eight years 61 Comparative growth in number of private and public high schools 65 Gifts and bequests to education 69 Farm property value 77 Farm tenure 79 Per cent, of totalpopulation of United States in cities of 8,000 population and over ... 85 Mayor, Commission and City Manager plans of government 91 WHAT IS AMERICA
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