Ecologists have two long-standing ways to study large ecosystems such as lakes, forests, and salt-marsh estuaries. In the first, which G. E. Hutchinson has called the holological approach, the whole ecosystem is first studied as a "black box," and its components are investigated as needed. In the second, which Hutchinson has called the merological approach, the parts of the system are studied first, and an attempt is then made to build up the whole from them. For long-term studies, the holological approach has special ...

The Ecology of a Salt Marsh 2011, Springer

ISBN-13: 9781461258957

Softcover Reprint of the Origi edition

Trade paperback

The Ecology of a Salt Marsh 1981, Springer, New York, NY

ISBN-13: 9780387905556

1981 edition