Very Good. 51/2x81/2. Soft Cover. Very Good. 51/2x81/2. 376 page Dover paperback with many (135) figure illustrations. Subtitle: Kineses, Taxes and Compass Reactions. A reprint of the Oxford 1940 edition, but with additions. Large bibliography at rear. Interior is unmarked, tight and clean.
As New. 5 1/2" x 8 1/2" 376 Pages Indexed. A Reprint of the Oxford 1940 edition but with additions. A Dover permanent book that appears to have never been opened. Pages are sewn in signatures so that the binding will not split. This is the Second Enlarged Edition revised to 1960 with a Bibliography of over 500 books, monographs, articles and 135 illustrations. On the day in 1940 of the original Oxford publication the Battle of Britain was raging and the first bombs were dropped on London. Only 250 copies came to the United States and it was only with this 1961 Dover edition that this book become available to U.S. university users. There is a Preface to this Dover Edition as well as the Preface to the First Edition. After an introduction dealing with methodology and the past history of attempts to interpret orientation, the authors discuss the mechanisms by which reactions take place, including the problem of the conditioned reflex followed by analysis of the simpler types of orientation. Transverse orientation, where the axial line of the body is not pointed toward the source, is then analyzed: the light compass reaction, dorsal, and ventral light reactions. For each reaction mode the authors summarize and analyze the theories, experiments, and conclusions of a host of investigators. The second portion of the book is devoted to more complex reactions, including experimental means for discovering the mechanism of light orientation. The biological material covered in these chapters is wide, with material from almost all classes up through the vertebrates and man, although stress has been placed upon the arthropods, especially the insects. The authors end with conclusions regarding the question of volition among the lower animals. This work is unusual for its establishment of categories and its treatment of its subject matter. It is also unusual as a summary and interpretation of previous experimental work, from the day of Loeb to the present. It is a comprehensive treatment of the subject and is an accepted guide for biologists or psychologists.
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