The Confucian philosopher, Mencius (c.371-288 BC) explicated his master's moral principles and reinterpreted them for the harsh conditions of the 4th century BC, when they were threatened by the aggressive and amoral doctrines of legalism. With its stress on the thinking heart (or individual conscience), Mencius is a defence of morality in private and public life.

Mencius: 5 1970, Penguin Books, London

ISBN-13: 9780140442281

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