The first biography of the Soviet founder based on full access to the newly opened Russian archives. This compelling story of Lenin and the system he created demonstrates that many of the characteristics of so-called Stalinism were firmly laid down in Lenin's lifetime, usually on Lenin's direct orders. 8-page photo insert.

Lenin: A New Biography 2013, Free Press

ISBN-13: 9781476764849

Trade paperback

Lenin: A New Biography 1994, Free Press, New York, NY

ISBN-13: 9780029334355