Late Ottoman Society: The Intellectual Legacy

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When the Ottomans commenced their modernizing reforms in the 1830s, they still ruled over a vast empire. In addition to today's Turkey, including Anatolia and Thrace, their power reached over Mesopotamia, North Africa, the Levant, the Balkans, and the Caucasus. The Sultanate was at the apex of a truly multi-ethnic society. Modernization not only brought market principles to the economy and more complex administrative controls as part of state power, but also new educational institutions as well as new ideologies. Thus new ...

Late Ottoman Society: The Intellectual Legacy 2011, Routledge, London

ISBN-13: 9780415665445

Mass-market paperback

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Late Ottoman Society: The Intellectual Legacy 2005, Routledge, London, England

ISBN-13: 9780415341646

Hardcover

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