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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Fair. Book. 8vo-over 7¾-9¾" tall. No date given, c1900. Volumes 1 and 2 only; bound as one. Boards with heavy wear and edges exposed; gilt page edges; interior hinges cracked; previous owner's full-page inscription on inside second title page. John Ruskin (1819-1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist. He wrote on subjects ranging from geology to architecture, myth to ornithology, literature to education, and botany to political economy. Ruskin's appointment as Slade Professor of Fine Art at Oxford in 1870 was a welcome encouragement at a troubled stage of his career, and in the following year he launched Fors Clavigera, a one-man monthly magazine in which, from 1871 to 1878 and 1880 to 1884 he developed his idiosyncratic cultural theories. Fors is an unpredictable mixture of striking insights, powerful rhetoric, self-indulgence, bigotry, and occasional incoherence. Fors Clavigera: Ruskin gave this title to a series of letters he wrote "to the workmen and labourers of Great Britain" (1871-84). The name was intended to signify three great powers which go to fashion human destiny. These were: Force, symbolised by the club (clava) of Hercules; Fortitude, symbolised by the key (clavis) of Ulysses; and Fortune, symbolised by the nail (clavus) of Lycurgus. These three powers (the "fors") together represent human talents and abilities to choose the right moment and then to strike with energy. The concept is derived from Shakespeare's phrase "There is a tide in the affairs of men/ Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune" (Brutus in Julius Caesar). Ruskin believed that the letters were inspired by the Third Fors: striking out at the right moment.
8vo Half Lthr. Second Thsd. Seperate pagination; . Backstrip totally abraded; corners worn & rubbed; library label verso f. cover; stamp prelims and later; ink no. on title page; shelf no. on spine; hinges strained; browning and staining. [Vol IV only]
Good. No dust jacket. 1877. Vol VII. 412 pages. No dust jacket. Baby blue boards with black lettering. Pages remain reasonably bright with light foxing to text block edge and thumb prints within. Binding is firm with light corner bumping and soiling around the edges of the boards. Spine is tanned with light edge wear and moderate shelf wear. World of Rare Books Item ref. 1485170297AL (Use this ID when enquiring about this item. )
Good. No Jacket. 5 1/4" x 7 1/2" Decorative Arts Ex Lib GOOD /NO JACKET. 459 p, 412 p. Text generally clean, but with a few pencil markings, and usual library treatments. Brown cloth boards with black stamped decoration on front, back, and spine and gilt lettering at spine. Covers lightly scuffed, some wear at lower edges, corners and spines. Spine tops frayed. Binding shaken, front inside hinges beginning to crack, back inside hinge of volume II repaired. No Date, probably late 19th century. Fors Clavigera is a series of pamphlets in which Ruskin expresses "a vision of moral value in sincere labour".
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