"Deserves to Rank Among the Two or Three Really Historic Contributions to Political Science Which have been Produced in the United States" Taylor, John, Of Caroline [1753-1824]. An Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United States. Comprising Nine Sections, Under the Following Heads: I. Aristocracy; II. The Principles of the Policy of the United States, And of the English policy; III. The Evil Moral Principles of the Government of the United States; IV. Funding; V. Banking; VI. The Good Moral Principles of the Government of the United States; VII. Authority; VIII. The Mode of Infusing Aristocracy into the Policy of the United States; IX. The Legal Policy of the United States. [iii]-viii, 656,  pp. Octavo (8-1/4" x 5"). Contemporary three-quarter diced calf over marbled boards, lettering piece and gilt fillets to spine. Light rubbing to boards. moderate rubbing to extremities, corners bumped and lightly worn, hinges cracked, two early owner bookplates (J.W. Bailey, Hugh Cox) to front pastedown. Light browning to text, somewhat heavier in places, occasional light foxing. A handsome copy. Only edition. Taylor wrote this important work in 1814 as a reply to John Adams's Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America. Unlike Adams, he rejects the concept of "a natural aristocracy" of "paper and patronage" and a federal government based on a system of debt and taxes. He considers the American government to be one of divided powers responsible to the sovereign people alone. Opposed to the extent of power awarded to the executive office, he calls for shorter terms for the president and all elected officers. Charles Beard said this work "deserves to rank among the two or three really historic contributions to political science which have been produced in the United States.": Dictionary of American Biography IX: 331. Sabin, A Dictionary of Books Relating to America 94491. Cohen, Bibliography of Early American Law 5823.
viii, 656pp. errata leaf. 8vo, contemporary calf, leather label, covers scuffed, some pages with pencil marks in margins. Fredericksburg: Green and Cady, 1814. First edition. This book " `deserves to rank among the two or three really historic contributions to political science which have been produced in the United States'(Beard, post, p. 323)...The American government, he (Taylor) explained, was one of divided powers, not classes, and its agents were responsible to the sovereign people alone. The great danger to democracy lay in consolidation and in the creation of an aristocracy of `paper and patronage. '" DAB XVIII, p. 332. Taylor, the Virginia patriot, "presents the contemporary political ideas of the agrarian South." Howes T-63. S&S 32910.
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