A History of the Popes 1830-1914

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Could a Pope ever consent to be the subject of a political power? Chadwick presents an analysis of the causes and consequences of the end of the historic Papal State, and the psychological pressures upon old Rome as it came under attack from the Italian Risorgimento; and not only from Italy, but from liberal movements in Germany, France, Spain, and Portugal, as well as Tsarist Russia as it oppressed its Polish subjects. If a united Italy was to be achieved, the State would have to disappear. These pressures caused Popes to ...

A History of the Popes 1830-1914 2003, Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN-13: 9780199262861

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A History of the Popes 1830-1914 1998, OUP Oxford, Oxford, England

ISBN-13: 9780198269229

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