Marquis de Sade

Marquis de Sade, or Donatien-Alphonse-Fran ois de Sade, was born in 1740 into an aristocratic French family. Infamous for his libertine ways and volatile temper, he spent half his adult life behind bars under five different regimes. In prison, he became a writer though he is most famous for his often censored erotic works, his political criticism influenced twentieth-century philosophers such as Barthes, Derrida, and Foucault.