Alexander MacKenzie

Mackenzie was an explorer and fur-trader, born in Stornoway, Western Isles, W. Scotland, UK. In 1779, he joined the Northwest Fur Company, and in 1788 established Fort Chipewayan on Lake Athabasca. From there he discovered the Mackenzie River (1789), followed it to the sea, and became the first European to cross the Rockies to the Pacifice (1792--3). He was knighted in 1802.