This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1893 edition. Excerpt: ... contain the identity of place and time, but are only referred to the thing as identical causes. Nobody will maintain that ...Read MoreThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1893 edition. Excerpt: ... contain the identity of place and time, but are only referred to the thing as identical causes. Nobody will maintain that the unity of the perception of a thing is an individual. In the second place, if the unity of purpose consists in the construction of a building, we should not call the sum of the workmen which have this purpose an individual. Thirdly, if a country lives on the natural products of its colonies, and the colonies only exist by reason of the importation of the artificial productions of the mother country, there is here a perfect reciprocity, and yet nobody will call the sum of colonies and mother country an individual. Each of these unities, then, shows itself as insufficient to fix the notion of the individual. Just as insufficient are the external characteristics which are set up here and there as marks, e.g., the origin from a germ or an egg (Gallesio and Huxley). According to that, all the weeping willows of Europe must be an individual, since they can be shown to be historically derived from a single tree introduced into England from Asia by means of offshoots; thus all spring from one germ. According to that, further, all the plant-lice (perhaps several millions) which are produced by parthenogenesis in ten or more generations in the course of a summer, represent collectively a single individual. Just as little as the derivation from a single egg can the typical idea of the race pass as mark of the individual; for the typical generic idea is the idea of the normal individual, which represents the race because it is free from accidental peculiarities; and one gains this idea of the normal individual by allowing the accidental peculiarities to be stripped from all individuals of"a species, and only retaining the...Read Less
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