Robert Michels (1876-1936) was a German sociologist who wrote on the political behavior of intellectual elites and contributed to elite theory. He became a Socialist while teaching at the University of Marburg, and became active in the radical wing of the Social Democratic Party of Germany; he left the party in 1907. In 1914, Michels became a ...
Robert Michels (1876-1936) was a German sociologist who wrote on the political behavior of intellectual elites and contributed to elite theory. He became a Socialist while teaching at the University of Marburg, and became active in the radical wing of the Social Democratic Party of Germany; he left the party in 1907. In 1914, Michels became a professor of economics at the University of Basel, where he taught until 1926. He is best known for his book Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy (1916), which contains a description of the "iron law of oligarchy." Amongst his other works are Proletariato e la Borghesia nel Movimento Socialista Italiano (1908), Probleme der Sozialphilosophie (1914) and Imperialismo Italiano: Studi Politico- Demografici (1914).
Very good. No dust jacket. No marks on cover or pages. Text in English, German. 379 p. 18 cm. Translation of Zur Soziologie des Parteiwesens in der moderne Demokratie, with an additional chapter written for the English ed. entitled: Party life in war-time.
Near Very Good. No Jacket. Book. 8 X 5 1/4. Binding firm and straight. The pages are clean, bright and firm, straight and tight in its binding. Covers, spine, edges and corners good+. No conspicuous wear. 416 pages, footnotes & indexed. If needed for reference, research, lucubrations, dissertation or just enjoyment this is the one, a nice copy.
Very Good with no dust jacket. B002AYDZL0. A Trade Paperback with light overall scuffing and edgewear, with spine fading. Tightly bound with an unmarked interior. " The principle of self-government through political parties, the cornerstone of democracy, has come to be regarded as a solution to the problem of nationality. This is because the principle of nationality entails the acceptance of the idea of popular government. The importance of the principle of nationality is undeniable, and most of the national questions of Western Europe might be solved in accordance with this principle. Matters are complicated by geographical and strategical considerations, such as the difficulty of determining natural frontiers and the frequent need to establish strategic frontiers. Moreover, the principle of nationality cannot help us where nationalities barely exist or where they are entangled in inextricable confusion. The present work is a critical discussion of the problem of democracy. Michels believes that democracy, as an intellectual theory and as a practical movement, has entered upon a critical phase from which exit will be extremely difficult. In this book he analyzes the tendencies that oppose the realization of democracy, and claims that these tendencies can be classified in three ways: dependence upon the nature of the individual; dependence upon the nature of the political structure; and dependence upon the nature of organization. This edition, described by Morris Janowitz as a "classic of modern social science" and by Melvin Tumin as "the beginning of a tradition", offers a landmark study in political science. "; 8vo 8"-9" tall; 379 pages.
Michel, himself, a participant in the earliest, major socialist movement in Europe in the 18th century, describes the transition from a movement to a beauracracy (of the union movement in Europe). He describes for the first time "the iron laws of beauracies" and predicts the downfall of the USSR by the inevitable transition into an organization, which has as its primary goal the preservation of the privileges and security of the leaders of the organization. The clients of the organization exist to feed the organization. His predictions qualify him for a position on a pedestal next to Nostradamus and as a must read for any student of sociology.
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