This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF THE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID CHAPTER I INTRODUCTORY The fluids of the body have aroused interest ...Read MoreThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... PHYSIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF THE CEREBROSPINAL FLUID CHAPTER I INTRODUCTORY The fluids of the body have aroused interest and speculation from times immemorial. Observations on the blood and the urine are to be found in the earliest medical works, and the, speculations as to their function and composition would fill a library of volumes. Although it was hardly to be expected that the same amount of interest should have been aroused by the cerebrospinal fluid, yet reference to the contents of the cerebral ventricles is made by many of the earliest writers. Galen, Vesalius, and Valsalva all note its presence, and it would have been remarkable if the existence of a watery fluid in the interior of the skull should have escaped such an accomplished observer as Aristotle. Cotugno in 1762 and Haller in 1766 both described the existence of a clear limpid fluid not only in the ventricles of the brain, but also in the space between the membranes and the convolutions. Our modern interest in the fluid dates from the masterly observations and equally masterly description of Magendie in 1825. It was he who first realized the intimate connection between the fluid in the ventricles and that in the subarchnoid space, and also the physiological possibilities of a fluid which comes into such close relation with the central nervous system. His description of the distribution of the fluid, and of the effects of varying intracranial pressure is of sufficient interest to bear quotation: Entre la pie-mere et l'arachnoide se touve un liquide que je propose d'appeler cerebro-spinale; il existe chez l'homme et chez tous mammi feres. II sert a combler le vide qui existerait entre le cerveau et le crane osseux; il se regenere avec rapidite, peut circuler a travers les...Read Less
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