The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects
by John S Mills
This book makes available in a single volume, a survey of the chemical composition, properties and analysis of the whole range of organic materials ... Show synopsis This book makes available in a single volume, a survey of the chemical composition, properties and analysis of the whole range of organic materials incorporated into objects and artworks found in museum collections. The authors cover the fundamental chemistry of the bulk materials such as wood, paper, natural fibres and skin products, as well as that of the relatively minor components incorporated as paint, media, varnishes, adhesives and dyes. This expanded second edition follows the structure of the first, though it has been extensively updated. In addition to chapters on basic organic chemistry, analytical methods, analytical findings and fundamental aspects of deterioration, the subject matter is grouped as far as possible by broad chemical class - oils and fats, waxes, bitumens, carbohydrates, proteins, natural resins, dyestuffs and synthetic polymers. Since the first edition, significant advances have been made in some fields - the red insect dyestuffs, synthetic varnish resins, and the use of antioxidants, for example - and are given more extended discussion, while some other topics, such as the synthetic resin parylene, are newly introduced.