This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1918 Excerpt: ...and carved into new provinces. In 1886 the Canadian Pacific Railway was completed, and as a consequence the fertile lands in the West were ...
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1918 Excerpt: ...and carved into new provinces. In 1886 the Canadian Pacific Railway was completed, and as a consequence the fertile lands in the West were rapidly settled and developed so'that the region is now one of the granaries of the world. Under the leadership, first of Sir John Macdonald and later of Sir Wilfrid Laurier and Sir Robert Borden, Canada has come forward as the most important of the British dominions. Australia And New Zealand During the middle of the seventeenth century a Dutchman, Tasman, made an extended exploration of the coasts of Australia and New Zealand. Later, at the end Settlement of the eighteenth century, an Englishman, of Australia Captain Cook, came to these islands and took possession of them in the name of King George III. In 1788 the English established a penal settlement at Botany Bay, in Australia, to which English convicts were sent. When, in time, free white settlers arrived from England, they objected to the convicts as an undesirable class of colonists; so, in 1840, the penal colony was officially abolished. Population grew slowly, for the island continent, although about as large as the United States, afforded few economic opportunities besides sheep-raising. Immense regions were, and still are, arid wastes unfit for human habitation. In 1851 rich gold deposits were discovered, and the influx of settlers which followed caused the colony to grow rapidly. The Australians are now engaged mainly in grazing and mining; and they export large quantities of wool, mutton, and gold. Until 1900 there were six distinct colonies, each with its own government: New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, West Australia, and the neigh-The Austraboring island of Tasmania. In that year they han Union organized themselves into a federal ...
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