This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 Excerpt: ...to hold out. The American Federation of Labor contributed its support, and enabled the men to stand to their guns. The Company, however, ...Read MoreThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 Excerpt: ...to hold out. The American Federation of Labor contributed its support, and enabled the men to stand to their guns. The Company, however, employed non-union men and diverted orders to non-union mills, so that it was quite able to get along without the Amalgamated Association. Union men made attempts to organize the non-union mills, but they could not accomplish anything. Then, on May 1, 1910, the Company effected a shrewd stroke by advancing wages a few cents higher than the Amalgamated scale. From then on the strike lost strength rapidly, and was declared off August 27, 1910. This disaster practically completes the history of the Amalgamated Association. Its power has gradually disintegrated until to-day it includes only 4355 members, of whom 1576 are employed in the sheet and tin-plate trade. In 1905 70 per cent of the workmen operating the hot mills were organized, and to-day only 13 per cent are still in the ranks of the Amalgamated Association.' The United States Steel Corporation maintains the "open shop" in all its plants, and most of the large independent firms do not sign the Amalgamated scale. There are two fundamental causes for the disorganization of labor in the iron and steel industry--the introduction of automatic machinery and the determination of American manufacturers to run their own plants. In tinplate manufacturing automatic machinery has been tried, but could not displace skilled tin-mill labor; nevertheless the manufacturers have won in their struggle to obtain full utilization of the improvements in methods and machinery, which union restrictions would have vitiated. The main struggle between employers and employees has been fought on the issues of the extension of unionism and the control of working conditions, and the empl...Read Less
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