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Books by Stephen Jay Gould (Book Guide): The Mismeasure of Man, Ontogeny and Phylogeny, the Hedgehog, the Fox, and the Magister's Pox, Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle, the Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Eight Little Piggies, Bully for Brontosaurus, Ever...

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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Commentary (books not included). Pages: 22. Chapters: The Mismeasure of Man, Ontogeny and Phylogeny, The Hedgehog, the Fox, and the Magister's Pox, Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Eight Little Piggies, Bully for Brontosaurus, Ever Since Darwin, Dinosaur in a Haystack, Wonderful Life, The Lying Stones of Marrakech, I Have Landed, Leonardo's Mountain of Clams and the Diet of Worms, Rocks of Ages, Questioning the Millennium, Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes, An Urchin in the Storm, Full House: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin, The Panda's Thumb, The Flamingo's Smile. Excerpt: The Mismeasure of Man (1981), by Stephen Jay Gould, is a history and critique of the statistical methods and cultural motivations underlying biological determinism, the belief that "the social and economic differences between human groups - primarily races, classes, and sexes - arise from inherited, inborn distinctions and that society, in this sense, is an accurate reflection of biology." The principal theme of biological determinism, that "worth can be assigned to individuals and groups by measuring intelligence as a single quantity," is analyzed in discussions of craniometry and psychological testing, two methods used to measure and establish intelligence as a single quantity. That the methods have "two deep fallacies"; the first is "reification," which is "our tendency to convert abstract concepts into entities," such as the intelligence quotient (IQ) and the general intelligence factor (g factor), which have been the cornerstones of much research into human intelligence; the second fallacy is '"ranking," the "propensity for ordering complex variation as a gradual ascending scale." The revised and expanded, second edition of the Mismeasure of Man (1996) analyzes and challenges the methodological accuracy of The Bell Curve... Hide synopsis

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  • 1. Trade paperback, University-Press.Org, 2013

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  • 2. Trade paperback, University-Press.Org, 2013

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    Description: Fine. Trade paperback (US). Glued binding. 24 p. Contains:...

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