This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1875 edition. Excerpt: ...have been built on the site of a more ancient residence, as the name sufficiently attests--Cloch-grianain, the stone castle of the ...Read MoreThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1875 edition. Excerpt: ...have been built on the site of a more ancient residence, as the name sufficiently attests--Cloch-grianain, the stone castle of the grianan. It will be perceived that grianan is a diminutive from grian; the other diminutive in 6g sometimes occurs also, and is understood to mean a sunny little hill. We find Greenoge, a village and parish in Meath; and this is also the name of a townland near Rathcoole, Dublin, and of another near Dromore in Down (see, for these diminutives, 2nd Ser., chap. n.). Aileach. The circular stone fortresses already described under the words cathair and caiscal, were often called by the name aileach ellagh, a word which signifies literally a stone house or stone fort, being derived from ail, a stone. Michael O'Clery, in his Glossary of ancient Irish words, gives this meaning and derivation: --"Aileach or aiUheach, i. e. a name for a habitation, which (name) was given from stones." (See Second Series, chap, i.) Aileach is well known to readers of Irish history as the name of the palace of the northern Hy Neill kings, which is celebrated in the most ancient Irish writing under various names, such as Aileach Neid, Aileach Frighrinn, &c. The ruins of this great fortress, which are situated on a hill, four miles north west from Derry, have been elaborately described in the Ordnance memoir of the parish of Templemore; they consist of a circular cashel of cyclopean masonry, crowning the summit of the hill, surrounded by three concentric ramparts. It still retains its old name, being called Greenan-Ely, i. e. the palace of Aileach, for Ely represents the pronunciation of Ailigh, the genitive of Aileach; and it gives name to the two adjacent townlands of Elaghmore and Elaghbeg. Elagh is also the name of two townlands in Tyrone, and...Read Less
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