The Challenge of Global Chains
The integration of developing countries into international supply chains and networks has become a common fact over the last decades of the 20th ... Show synopsis The integration of developing countries into international supply chains and networks has become a common fact over the last decades of the 20th century. These chains link together producers, traders and processors in developing countries with retailers and consumers in developed countries. In both the developed and developing countries this integration faces constraints and restrictions in order to be successful. In the area of development economics, the main questions are concerning why developed countries want to co-operate with developing countries: how can this be achieved and what is the value of such an international chain? From the perspective of legislation and trade - what are the barriers and constraints to access markets and how can they be overcome? Another important area is the role of the Western companies. Does participation of multinationals in developing countries have a positive effect on their economic development or are they only taking advantage of the low wage rate and lack of environmental laws? Why are they into global sourcing? What are their experiences and what are the critical success factors for global chains? There is a growing concern among consumers regarding health, food safety, tracking and tracing and environmental friendliness. Can retailers guarantee these issues and how do they deal with the sanitary requirements?