Adapting to European Integration?: Kaliningrad, Russia and the European Union
Following the restoration of Lithuania's independence and the dismantlement of the Soviet Union, the Kaliningrad region is now an exclave surrounded ... Show synopsis Following the restoration of Lithuania's independence and the dismantlement of the Soviet Union, the Kaliningrad region is now an exclave surrounded by EU member states. Departing from the analytical framework of Europeanization, this book analyzes the interaction between Russia and its Kaliningrad region on one side, and their European partners on the other side, thus assessing the region's potential to serve as Russia's main opening to the EU. How do EU relations "feed back" into Kaliningrad's domestic arena, or, put differently, does Kaliningrad become "Europeanized"--at least to some extent? In particular, do EU standards and norms impact on the exclave and in what ways? This book not only offers thorough case studies of a number of policy areas affected by the EU (environmental, economics and higher education), it also refines our way of thinking about Europeanization "beyond" Europe.