Crime, Jews and News: Vienna 1895-1914
...an important contribution that balances previous interpretations of "modern" ritual murder accusations. The sensational cases that arose in places ... Show synopsis ...an important contribution that balances previous interpretations of "modern" ritual murder accusations. The sensational cases that arose in places such as Tisza-Eszla'r, Xanten, Konitz, and Polna were not simply a product of local tensions or age-old myths, they were also episodes largely driven by a modern (or modernizing) mass media. European History This gripping book delves into juicy details of crime reporting in fin-de-siecle Vienna with the aim of challenging common assumptions about late nineteenth-century anti-Semitism. It is an original and thought-provoking contribution to Viennese and Jewish history as well as to the history of criminology and popular journalism...By challenging well-worn assumptions about anti-Semitism, this engaging book invites historians to rethink the origins of Nazism; and by uncovering scholarly and popular anxieties about the manipulation of truth, it provides a great deal of food for thought for intellectual historians. European History Quarterly Vyleta's book is compelling, well-researched and clearly argued, and it makes a valuable addition to the historiography of Austria, Jewish culture, media and crime. Cultural and Social History The book, which relies on hundreds of case studies reported on in newspapers and journals, is extremely well researched...This innovative, interesting book offers new insight into the popularity and character of antisemitism and criminology in turn-of-the-century Vienna. It provides a nuanced explanation of the intersections of the popular knowledge of crime with criminology and of the ways in which crime and trial reporting were used for antisemitic purposes. H-German ...an extremely interesting...[and] important book about antisemitism in Vienna. Daniel Vyleta is to be commended for a job well done. Journal of Contemporary History/b> Vyleta's book presents a successful and enriching contribution to the history of fin-de-siecle Vienna. Through the innovative use of criminology and criminal justice he reveals new facets of a seemingly exhaustively treated topic. Sehepunkte Richly illustrated and despite theoretical excurses into criminology well and fluently written, Vyleta's book is excellently suited to underline the thesis that the analysis of political and journalistic strategies and their context very often still offers a more convincing explanatory model than abstractions of ideological or cultural 'images'. Historische Zeitschrift ...an intellectually stimulating book. Shofar Crimes committed by Jews, especially ritual murders, have long been favorite targets in the antisemitic press. This book investigates popular and scientific conceptualizations of criminals current in Austria and Germany at the turn of the last century and compares these to those in the contemporary antisemitic discourse. It challenges received historiographic assumptions about the centrality of criminal bodies and psyches in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century criminology and argues that contemporary antisemitic narratives constructed Jewish criminality not as a biologico-racial defect, but rather as a coolly manipulative force that aimed at the deliberate destruction of the basis of society itself. Through the lens of criminality this book provides new insight into the spread and nature of antisemitism in Austria-Hungary around 1900. The book also provides a re-evaluation of the phenomenon of modern Ritual Murder Trials by placing them into the context of wider narratives of Jewish crime. Daniel Mark Vyleta was educated in Germany, the USA and England. He holds a PhD in History from King's College, University of Cambridge. Currently, he serves as Assistant Professor in Foreign Languages and Literature at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.