This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1830 Excerpt: ...Saxon ancestors, was the second of their three orders of nobility. Alderman, in its original, is compounded of two words, elder and man, ...
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1830 Excerpt: ...Saxon ancestors, was the second of their three orders of nobility. Alderman, in its original, is compounded of two words, elder and man, Elderman. It must be however observed, that among the Saxons that word was joined to others, still further designating title or office: Thus they had Aldermannus Totius Atigliae, Aldermannus Regis, Comitatus, Civitatis, Burgi, Castelli, Hundred, sive Wapentachii, and Decitnorum. The first of these seems to be the same officer to whom the title was afterwards given of Capitalis just iliarius Angliai or chief justice of England; the second we suppose to have been a magistrate acting with occasional authority, answering to the present office of his Majesty's justice of assize; the third held a middle rank between what was afterwards called earl and sheriff; he sat at the trial of causes, with the bishop; and whilst the latter expounded the ecclesiastical, it was the duty of the former to declare the common law of the land: The fourth, fifth, and following offices, perhaps, are now combined in that of our present alderman, whose duties, &c. we shall notice, after having enumerated those which anciently belonged to the title. We learn from the most respectable authorities, that Comes, Eldorman, and Earl, are equivalent in Latin Saxon, and Danish Saxon. The holders of these offices were admitted into the Wittenagemot, or great council of the nation, and gave consent to public statutes; they assisted the bishop, as we have before seen; but except to keep order among the freeholders, and to interpose with their opinion, they had no further power: they received a third of the fines, however, . and, as most of the punishments were then pecuniary, this formed a considerable part of their resources. Excepting when restrained in the..
Good. No dust jacket. Cracked at ffep but not at all loose; hinges and corners well rubbed (through on corners and spine head); else tight, clean, 4to. Includes: illustrations, diagrams, maps, index. 3/4 black leather w/ gilt lettering on spine; fold-out maps; 10 tantalizing engraved b&w plates at back of volume The most interesting aspect of this volume are the two maps, one of North American tipped in just after the ffep, and one of Africa, tipped in upside down just prior to the final 10 engraved plates that end the volume. The Africa map folds out into six panels; is rudimentarily colored along geographic boundaries; and shows, for example, the "Saara or Great Desert", the "Soudan or Nigritia", the "Mountains of the Moon" that bisect the continent laterally across its entirety, and no countries at all for most of the entire southern half of the continent. The map of North America is a three-panel fold-out map, black and white, and shows the western half of the United States as "Louisiana" and "New Albion". The Hawaiian Islands are labeled the Sandwich Islands. Most areas west of the Mississippi on the map are labeled by the Native American tribal areas.
G: in Good condition. Cover rubbed with minor abrasions. Some backstrips rubbed with cracking with minor loss to volumes 1, 3 and 13. Volume I upper board becoming detached but holding. Volume 4 rebacked using original backstrip. Some staining and... 270mm x 210mm (11" x 8"). 13, 885pp. 525 engraved plates and 13 maps.
"18 volumes text, plus 2 volumes of plates; 4to, original mottled calf, red and black morocco labels on spines; some internal tears, minor rubbing and scuffing, occasional mild to moderate dampstains, some foxing, several flyleaves loose with tears, one partially torn away, but in all a very good, sound, reasonably clean copy, with no chipping, and no breaks at any of the joints or hinges. The plate volumes are generally clean but do exhibit modest offsetting and spotting. Extra engraved title page in vol. I (with a New York imprint), and with 533 (of 539) engraved plates (4 folding, 2 double-page, 1 with an overlay; 1 torn at fold, 1 with a small hole in the middle, several with short tears; some misnumbered, some bound out of order, some with duplicate numbers, and some numbers missing. Whether all 539 listed in the 18 plate lists were published is a matter of conjecture. Additionally, in the text volumes, and not noted in the plate lists, are 10 engraved maps (2 folding), 3 portraits (Franklin, Hamilton, and Fisher Ames), and a nice double-page engraving of Philadelphia by Campbell after Birch. The work was first published in Edinburgh 1808-1830, and appeared in this American edition of 1832. However, in spite of its superb articles, it was a commercial failure, and no further editions were printed. In fact, the plate lists and first page of text in volumes I and II identify this as the second American edition, but no others and the idea of a second American edition seems to have been dropped. The title pages in all volumes state ""first American edition."" Among the contributors were Charles Babbage, Jacob Berzelius, Thomas Carlyle, John Lizars, Scoresby, Robert Stevenson, and James Watt."
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