This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919 edition. Excerpt: ... PSYCHOLOGY FROM THE STANDPOINT OF A BEHAVIORIST CHAPTER I PKOBLEMS AND SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology a Science of ...
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919 edition. Excerpt: ... PSYCHOLOGY FROM THE STANDPOINT OF A BEHAVIORIST CHAPTER I PKOBLEMS AND SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology a Science of Behavior.--Psychology is that division of natural science which takes human activity and conduct as its subject matter. It attempts to formulate through systematic observation and experimentation the laws and principles which, underlie man's reactions. Every one agrees that man's acts are determined by something, and that, whether he acts orderly or not, there are sufficient grounds for his acting as he does act, if only these grounds can be discovered. In order to formulate such laws we must study man in action--his adjustments to the daily situations of life, and to the unusual situations which may confront him. When sufficiently worked out, the principles we obtain from such a study permit of two generalizations: (1) To predict human activity with reasonable certainty. It is sometimes asserted that we can never reach a point where such predictions can be made--that human activity is too variable; and determined by too many momentary conditions to permit us ever to reach such a goal. A little consideration shows that common-sense psychology is already, and has been since the social life of man began, making1 serviceable predictions. Every institution and custom we have depends upon it; for example, our savings banks, churches, and business. When it comes to the individual the facts are not different. We accept a man's note because we predict (not always or ordinarily in words) from our study of his character that he will pay it at the proper time. The wife cheerfully' begins the rearing of a family because she predicts that her husband will remain attached to her, and provide herself and her children with bread. We can...
Good. No Dust Jacket. Blue Cloth Covered Boards. 8vo-over 7¾"-9¾" Tall. 429 pages. Book cover is rubbed at edges; rubbed just to board at corners and frayed at extremities of spine. Spinecock; endpapers and page edges are toned; previous owner's name written on front pastedown endpaper. Slight splits to front and rear paper hinges-just cosmetic, binding is still tight.
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