Excerpt: ...have been to a social community of insects, on the same principle that the division of labour is useful to civilised man. As ants work by inherited instincts and by inherited tools or weapons, and not by acquired knowledge and manufactured instruments, a perfect division of labour could be effected with them only by the workers being ...
Excerpt: ...have been to a social community of insects, on the same principle that the division of labour is useful to civilised man. As ants work by inherited instincts and by inherited tools or weapons, and not by acquired knowledge and manufactured instruments, a perfect division of labour could be effected with them only by the workers being sterile; for had they been fertile, they would have intercrossed, and their instincts and structure would have become blended. And nature has, as I believe, effected this admirable division of labour in the communities of ants, by the means of natural selection. But I am bound to confess, that, with all my faith in this principle, I should never have anticipated that natural selection could have been efficient in so high a degree, had not the case of these neuter insects convinced me of the fact. I have, therefore, discussed this case, at some little but wholly insufficient length, in order to show the power of natural selection, and likewise because this is by far the most serious special difficulty, which my theory has encountered. The case, also, is very interesting, as it proves that with animals, as with plants, any amount of modification in structure can be effected by the accumulation of numerous, slight, and as we must call them accidental, variations, which are in any manner profitable, without exercise or habit having come into play. For no amount of exercise, or habit, or volition, in the utterly sterile members of a community could possibly have affected the structure or instincts of the fertile members, which alone leave descendants. I am surprised that no one has advanced this demonstrative case of neuter insects, against the well-known doctrine of Lamarck. SUMMARY. I have endeavoured briefly in this chapter to show that the mental qualities of our domestic animals vary, and that the variations are inherited. Still more briefly I have attempted to show that instincts vary slightly in a state of nature. No...
Good. No Jacket. Book No jacket. "This volume is the first reprint of the First Edition, the only changes being puctuation". Green cloth covers with gilt titles to spine. Some marks to rear cover. Slight bumping. 426pp.
Good. 6th amerixxi, 458 pages folded diagram, 21 cm. Bound in publisher's red cloth. Hardcover. Good binding and cover. Shelfwear. Hinges cracked on title page and last page of index. Corners lightly bumped. Clean, unmarked pages. From the Sixth English edition, with additions and corrections. Freeman 400.
Fine. No Dust Jacket as Issued. 8vo-over 7¾"-9¾" tall. Exceptionally clean and bright in sound original brown cloth binding. Fine internally and externally. Neat, subtle archival repair to tiny wear spot to cloth at bottom of spine and on top corner tip of front cover. Neat archival repair to closed edge tear to margin of page 144. 447 pages plus 8 pages of ads in rear.
VG+/NONE. New edition, from the sixth English edition, with additions and corrections. Brick brown/black decorative embossed cloth, with brightgilt lettered spine. Some minor corner/edge wear, mainly to the center of the spine head tip where outer cloth was uniformly chipped 1/8" deep x 7/8" wide down to inner cloth. Not overly obtrusive, otherwise a nice, overall bright copy. Interior is clean, with a touch of soil on fep. Prev owners name/date on flyleaf.; 458 pages.
Good, No Dust Jacket. 8VO, 440+ pgs., foldout, Hardcover. Hardcover: Tan cloth binding is tired and worn. Title on spine in gold is barely legible. Boards are bowed, soiled and stained. Cloth is lifting. Corners are rubbed. Previous owners name on inside pastedown. Pastedown is bubbling in spots. Endpapers are soiled. Rear endpapers are water marked. Text pages are foxed but very readable. 1864 edition. Nice tight binding. Not the prettiest to look at but all of the information is there.
VG: in very good condition without dust jacket. Slight edge-rubbing to cover. Previous owner inscription to fep. Some neat underlining. 190mm x 130mm (7" x 5"). xxi, 458pp. fold out diagram. The first edition where the term "evolution" is used.
Fine. Sixth Edition, with additions and corrections, Forty-first Thousand. 8vo: xxi, 432pp, with folding lithographed diagram by William West, charting Darwin's views of possible sequences of evolution. Original green sand-grain cloth, spine lettered in gilt, covers with decorative panels blocked in blind, decorative end papers. A superb copy, nearly pristine, with bright gilt; tight, square binding and clean, fresh pages but for former owner's name and date 92 in pencil on front flyleaf. PMM 530b [describing the first edition of 1859]. Grolier, 100 Books Medicine, 70B, and Science, 23b. Freeman 438. The sixth edition, in which "evolution" was used for the first time (although Darwin used the word in the Descent of Man, published a year earlier), as well as the final edition revised by Darwin: a new chapter was added, "to confute the views of the Roman Catholic biologist St. George Mivart" (Freeman), as were the author's extensive revisions and corrections. Note: With few exceptions (always identified), we only stock books in exceptional condition, carefully preserved in archival, removable polypropylene sleeves. All orders are packaged with care and posted promptly. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Good. xi, , -440 pages + 2 page advertisement. Folding diagram. Bound in publisher's purple cloth. Hardcover. Fading to spine and boards. Gilt to spine faded. Good binding and cover. Foxing throughout. Foxing to page ends. "Darwin not only drew an entirely new picture of the workings of organic nature; he revolutionized our methods of thinking and our outlook on the natural order of things. The recognition that constant change is the order of the universe had been finally established and a vast step forward in the uniformity of nature had been taken" (Printing in the Mind of Man 344, citing 1859 printing).
Fine. Issued Without a Dust Jacket. Book. 8vo-over 7¾"-9¾" tall. Sixth edition with additions and corrections to 1890. Thrity seventh thousand. BOOK DESCRIPTION: Original green cloth, xxi, 432pp, folding diagram. Freeman ref: F436 CONDITION: FINE. The original binding has not been restored and remains in excellent condition, with minor shelf-wear only to the covers. No nicks to the cloth of the spine. Gilt nice and bright. Original endpapers not cracked. Text generally very clean. Minor foxing spots to page edges (see photos). An excellent unrestored copy-highly desirable-having a solid binding and no previous ownership marks or inks. The sixth is generally held to be the last significant edition, containing as it does Darwin's final major corrections and revisions. Published in 1872, it is the first edition with the title The Origin of Species, and includes among many other revisions a new chapter (VII) inserted to refute the views of the Catholic biologist St. George Mivart. There is a glossary, and the word 'evolution' is used in the text for the first time. An attractive and desirable copy of the 'most important scientific work of the 19th century' (Horblit) and 'the most important biological book ever written' (Freeman).
Third Edition (seventh thousand) of the "most influential scientific work of the nineteenth century" (Grolier 100 Science) and "certainly the most important biological book ever written." (Freeman) 8vo: xix, , 538pp (including unrecorded variant title page), with single leaf of advertisements and folding lithographed diagram by William West, charting Darwin's views of possible sequences of evolution. Original green sand-grain cloth, spine lettered in gilt, covers with decorative panels blocked in blind, brown clay-coated end papers, edges untrimmed. Variant "b" binding (without full point after "MURRAY" on the spine). An excellent example of this rare issue, recased in the original cloth binding (not rebacked), with spine ends skillfully restored and crease to spine carefully repaired, now barely visible. Minor wear to cloth, corners bumped, original endpapers rehinged with matching vintage paper. Manuscript ex-libris on title page of "John Hitchman M.D." (1815-1893), English physician and superintendent of Mickleover Asylum (later Pastures Hospital) near Derby, where this copy was purchased (bookseller's ticket on front paste-down of J. A. Rowbottom). On page [x] a previous owner (perhaps Hitchman) has written notes on Darwin's death and estate, erroneously naming the author "Charles Erasmus Darwin" (Darwin's middle name was Robert). Minor foxing spots and occasional marks, very slight age toning, no ink marks or notes in text pages but the stray pencil mark and margin note. Regarding the title page, all recorded copies have the year printed beginning with a distorted number "1, " while our copy has the number fully intact, raising the possibly that the title page was reset to correct this minor problem. It also suggests there may exist other alterations in the text that close comparison could reveal. Regardless, this issue is rare. Freeman 381. For comments on the Origin's inestimable significance, see: PMM 344b. Dibner 199. Garrison–Morton 220. Horblit 23b. Norman 593. Grolier 100 Science 23b. Grolier 100 Medicine 70b. ¶ The third edition appeared in April, 1861, in a run of just 2, 000 copies (the second edition print run was 5, 000), only 17 months after Darwin had received his advance copy of the first edition. The binding nearly matches that of the two previous editions, differing only in minor details. But the text was extensively altered, so much so that a table of differences between it and the second edition (a table that was updated for each subsequent edition) was added. Darwin also added the full historical sketch, written to satisfy complaints that he had not sufficiently credited his predecessors in presenting the general theory of evolution. (The sketch had already appeared in shorter form in the first German edition and in the fourth American printing (both 1860), in which it is called a preface. There also appears for the first time a postscript, on page xii. "Darwin not only drew an entirely new picture of the workings of organic nature; he revolutionized our methods of thinking and our outlook on the natural order of things. The recognition that constant change is the order of the universe had been finally established and a vast step forward in the uniformity of nature had been taken." (PMM). N.B. : With few exceptions (always identified), we only stock books in exceptional condition, carefully preserved in archival, removable polypropylene sleeves. All orders are packaged with care and posted promptly. Satisfaction guaranteed.
I tried readiing this book over 30 years ago and failed. I recently watched a documentary of Darwin's life and my curiosity was aroused again. I chose the first of the six editions. I am part way through and am impressed by the breadth of Darwin's thinking. I am in the process of writing a novel and there are themes in Origin of the Species that inform. Close members of a species being the toughest competitors like siblings in a family. I will make it to the end, but it will take me some time.
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