This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1890 edition. Excerpt: ... NEGOTIATOR OF PEACE: THE ATTITUDE OP FRANCE IN 1782. The instructions to the American commissioners, appointed to treat ...
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1890 edition. Excerpt: ... NEGOTIATOR OF PEACE: THE ATTITUDE OP FRANCE IN 1782. The instructions to the American commissioners, appointed to treat with Great Britain, were based on the theory that, without the active cooperation of the French court, the States would be at the mercy of England, that France was engaged to procure them the best terms obtainable, and that gratitude and policy alike necessitated absolute confidence in the Count de Vergennes, French minister for foreign affairs. For the successful conduct of the negotiations it was essential for the commissioners to determine whether this theory of Congress was correct. The facts now known show us that it was incorrect. France, by her treaty with Spain, had formed obligations inconsistent with the interests of the States. By it the object of the war had been changed from securing independence for America to winning Gibraltar for Spain, from that which was already within the grasp of the allies to that which was, in any case, a remote contingency, and was, as it happened, an impossibility; and all this had been brought about without the knowledge of the country most vitally interested in the war, the one country whose existence as a nation was at stake. The treaty was very possibly unavoidable, as is urged by the latest, best informed, and most voluminous apologist of France, M. Doniol.1 But whether such was the case or not is immaterial from the American point of view; so long as the facts were withheld from Congress the conduct of Vergennes was disingenuous, and the American ministers, so far as they suspected or knew the facts, were no longer justified in intrusting to him the fortunes of their country. It was, however, not merely regard for the prejudices, or even the "gigantic pretensions" of Spain...
Fair. 1891; blue cloth boards with gold titles; covers are worn, marked and discolored; no jacket; about 12 pages near rear of book have creased top corners; few small internal markings in text near front of book; 374 pages; 12mo, 6 3/4" to 7 3/4" tall.
Very Good. No Jacket. 12mo-over 6¾"-7¾" tall. The public life of John Jay was so active and varied that it is almost impossible to compress the essential facts without losing much of their interest. Blue cloth covers with gilt decoration and lettering on front cover and spine. Clean and tight pages, no markings in the book. Some light rubbing on rear cover. 374 pages.
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