This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ...than in those farther west. Springs are not uncommon. In the Osage Nation, as well as in the counties south of Arkansas River, a ...Read MoreThis historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ...than in those farther west. Springs are not uncommon. In the Osage Nation, as well as in the counties south of Arkansas River, a number of springs issue from above the shale beds, beneath either limestone or sandstone ledges. Vells have been put down on practically every quarter section and the greater part of them furnish good water at moderate depths LOV PLAINS REGION. This region has been outlined on page 16. It extends practically from the main line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway west to the Gypsum Hills. Geologically it includes the Enid division of the red beds, the rocks consisting chiefly of red clays and shales, with a few thin interbedded beds of red sandstone. North of each of the rivers which cross this region--Salt Fork, Cimarron, and North and South Canadian--is a strip of sandhills country from 2 to 15 or more miles wide. Water from the red beds usually contains mineral salts, which in many places render it unsatisfactory for use. In Oklahoma water that is unpleasant to the taste is often called gyp water. As the popular phrase has it, Gyp water tastes sleek and greasy and leaves an aftertaste in the mouth. Much of the water, however, does not contain any great percentage of calcium sulphate. The most common salts are sodium chloride, sodium sulphate, calcium carbonate, magnesium sulphate, sodium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, calcium chloride, and sodium borate, in the order named. Sometimes nearly all these salts are found in the water of a single well, while in other instances but one or two may appear. In this part of Oklahoma springs are rather rare in the red beds, and the greater part of the water for domestic use is obtained from wells. Often a farmer is obliged to sink half a...Read Less
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