Faces of History: Historical Inquiry from Herodotus to Herder
In this text, an intellectual historian offers a critical survey of Western historical thought and writing from the pre-classical era to the late ... Show synopsis In this text, an intellectual historian offers a critical survey of Western historical thought and writing from the pre-classical era to the late 18th century. The author focuses on persistent themes and methodology, including questions of myth, national origins, chronology, language, literary forms, rhetoric, translation, historical method and criticism, theory and practice of interpretation, cultural studies, philosophy of history and historicism. The author begins by analyzing the dual tradition established by the foundational works of Greek historiography - Herodotus's broad cultural and antiquarian inquiry and the contrasting model of Thucydides' contemporary political and analytical narrative. He then examines the many variations on and departures from these themes produced in writings from Greek, Roman, Jewish and Christian antiquity, in medieval chronicles, in national histories and revisions of history during the Renaissance and Reformation, and in the rise of erudite and enlightened history in the 17th and 18th centuries. Throughout, Kelley discusses how later historians viewed their predecessors, including both supporters and detractors of the authors in question.